PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS

Psychotic Disorders Treatment in Phoenix

What are Psychotic Disorders?

 

Psychotic disorders are a group of serious illnesses that affect the mind. They make it hard for someone to think clearly, make good judgments, respond emotionally, communicate effectively, understand reality, and behave appropriately. It is predominantly an impairment of the executive function of the frontal lobe of the brain.

When symptoms are severe, people with psychotic disorders have trouble staying in touch with reality and often are unable to handle daily life resulting into negative symptoms and self care deficit. But even severe psychotic disorders usually can be treated.

Types of Psychotic Disorders

  1. Schizophrenia: People with this illness have changes in behavior and other symptoms — such as delusions and hallucinations — that last longer than 6 months. It usually affects them at work or school, as well as their relationships.
  2. Schizoaffective disorder: People have symptoms of both schizophrenia and a mood disorder, such as depression or bipolar disorder.
  3. Brief psychotic disorder: People with this illness have a sudden, short period of psychotic behavior, often in response to a very stressful event, such as a death in the family. Recovery is often quick — usually less than a month.
  4. Delusional disorder: The key symptom is having a delusion (a false, fixed belief) involving a real-life situation that could be true but isn’t, such as being followed, being plotted against, or having a disease. The delusion lasts for at least 1 month.
    Shared psychotic disorder (also called folie à deux): This illness happens when one person in a relationship has a delusion and the other person in the relationship adopts it, too.
  5. Substance-induced psychotic disorder: This condition is caused by the use of or withdrawal from drugs, such as hallucinogens and crack cocaine, that cause hallucinations, delusions, or confused speech.
  6. Psychotic disorder due to another medical condition: Hallucinations, delusions, or other symptoms may happen because of another illness that affects brain function, such as a head injury or brain tumor.
  7. Paraphrenia: This condition has symptoms similar to schizophrenia. It starts late in life, when people are elderly.

 

Symptoms

The main ones are hallucinations, delusions, and disordered forms of thinking.
– Hallucination means hearing voices, seeing and feelings things that do not exist
– Delusions means false beliefs that don’t go away even after they’ve been shown to be false
– Disordered form of think or speaking, confusion, acting strange, slowed or unusual movement
– Lack of interpersonal connectedness, cold detached behavior, unstable mood, etc.

Causes of psychosis:

The exact causes of psychosis are not known. Assumed and probably causes include: Genetic origin, drug abuse, stress, brain trauma.

In schizophrenia, experts believe that nerve cell receptors that work with a brain chemical called glutamate may not work properly in specific brain regions. That glitch may contribute to problems with thinking and perception. These conditions usually first appear when a person is in his or her late teens, 20s, or 30s. They tend to affect men and women about equally.

Treatment of Psychosis:

Most psychotic disorders are treated with a combination of medications and psychotherapy, which is a type of counseling.

Medication: The main type of drug that doctors prescribe to treat psychotic disorders are “antipsychotics.” Although these medicines aren’t a cure, they are effective in managing the most troubling symptoms of psychotic disorders, such as delusions, hallucinations, and thinking problems.

Psychotherapy: There are different types of counseling — including individual, group, and family therapy – that can help someone who has a psychotic disorder.

Recovery: Recovery from psychotic episode is possible but individualized. Depending on the severity of the symptoms, the cause of the psychosis, patient’s response to treatment and other socio-environmental conditions, some people may recover in weeks or months while others may require extended period of treatment or indefinitely.

Schedule Online

Call our office today @ (623) 225-7591 or schedule an appointment online. We accept new patients.

We provide treatment and maintenance services for the following cases:

Depression
Anxiety
Sleep or Insomnia
Trauma
Post traumatic stress disorder – PTSD
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder – ADHD
Attention deficit disorder – ADD
Personality disorders
Dissociative disorder
Psychotic disorders
Bipolar disorder
Stress management
Phobias
Suicidal Ideation
Behavioral Issues
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Opioid and alcohol dependence